LESSON 10: ASTRONOMY AND THE APPLICATION OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Creative Commons, Attribution + Noncommercial + ShareAlike (BY-NC-SA)
Authors: Research Paths
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This lesson teaches the application of the scientific method. The students, by applying the inquiry-based learning method, learn to perform measurements in real time, draw graphs and obtain conclusions. Also, they learn to operate the “drone-arduino-sensors” system for obtaining real time data and measurements. This system is similar to those used in researches by NASA and ESA in their exploration of planets that have atmosphere. Vehicles such as these were the Venus Express that was sent to Venus and Huygens that was sent to Titan (Saturn’s Satellite).

Technical requirements
  Use of drone
Knowledge acquisition gain
  Knowledge: The students, after completing the lesson, will be able to: ▪ Refer to, and recognize, the different stages of the scientific method. ▪ Know the structure and the function of the "drone-arduino-sensors" system. Skills: The students, after completing the lesson, will be able to: ▪ Operate the "drone-arduino-sensors" system for obtaining height, pressure and temperature data. ▪ Draw graphs. ▪ Draw conclusions (generalizations, perhaps even laws) from different kinds of data. ▪ Apply the conclusions in order to reason about, explain, or predict physical phenomena. ▪ Apply the inquiry-based learning method. Attitudes: ▪ The students are in position to cooperate in groups. ▪ The students obtain a positive attitude towards science.

Workforce in Astronomy

Around 540,000 students study astronomy, physics, chemistry, and earth science in the EU. Besides astronomer or astrophysicist, there are many jobs available for which an astronomy degree is valuable. They include aerospace engineer, climatologist, computer systems analyst, data analyst, engineer, geophysicist, instrument designer, planetarium director, programmer, physicist, research scientist, science writer/journalist, software developer, statistician, teacher or professor, telescope operator. Jobs for scientists and engineers grew by 7% in the past five years. Jobs for technicians in the field grew by 2%. Overall, they account for 7% of all jobs in the EU. As of 2016, around 15 million European science and engineering workers are employed. They work in a variety of sectors, including professional services, utilities, manufacturing, and the public sector. In the next years, jobs for engineers and researchers will increase by 13%, and jobs for science and engineering technicians will increase by 2%.

  90 min
Number of staff
Education Level
15-18 years
Science Discipline
Classroom use
Supervision required
Teacher supervision required
Knowledge prerequisites
Operating system
Cross platform / browser based
Technical requirements
Internet connection during class required
You'll need to buy some materials
Printed materials required
Projector or large screen required
Installation effort
No installation required on typical computer
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