Obstacle avoiding Arduino robot: Build and program a robotic vehicle that avoids obstacles Creative Commons, Attribution + Noncommercial + ShareAlike (BY-NC-SA)
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Authors: Eugenides Foundation
Engineering
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Nature is the source of inspiration for the field of robotics and engineers are trying to mimic its ways in many cases. In this challenge, students construct and program a tricycle robot to navigate in space avoiding obstacles that appear along its course. The robot mimics the way that the animals such as bats (or dolphins etc.) “see” in dark natural environments. The robot is built on the open arduino platform and includes the appropriate distance sensors (ultrasonic sensors) in order to "see" the obstacles ... An impressive conclusion that wiil make the students is that the robot "sees" ... by listening. The field of Robotics integrates all STEM fields in a way no other subject can cover. In fact, the field of robotics integrates mechanical, electrical, electronics, control engineering, computer science, technology, mathematics, physics and biology.
Knowledge acquisition gain
  Skills: Introduction of the world of design process and on how engineers work / encourage problem-solving skills / practical application of science and math in engineering / developing critical thinking / support teamwork, motivation, troubleshooting and learning from failure / understanding of the materials and their role in the engineering process. Science concepts: Programming, sensors, navigation

STEM careers and labor market

There are numerous scientific, engineering technological elements which are involved in the development of actual robots. Some of them are the following:

• Robotic technology in the healthcare industry: Distribution of medication, surgical procedures, and research

• Robotic technology in farming, and food production industry: harvesting, packaging, or distributing food

• Robotic technology in the manufacturing industry: invention and production of goods

• Robotic technology in the arts and entertainment industry: production and distribution of art, music, video and live entertainment

• Robotic technology in the field of communication: forms of communication utilize or can utilize robotic technology

• Robotics in space exploration: Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) and the Remote Manipulator System (RMS), are both used in space missions. A ROV can be unmanned spacecraft that orbits freely or lands when it makes contact with an outer space surface and explore the terrain. They are used to collect data and visual footage that would never be humanly possible without the assistance of robots. RMS mechanical arms also help astronauts perform very important and difficult tasks during space missions.

• Underwater Exploration: Underwater robots have the ability to dive longer and deeper than any human, and they collect provide data of marine life. These robots are equipped with sensors, high-definition cameras, wheels and other technology to assist scientists when they explore docks, ocean floors, dams, ship bellies and other surfaces.

• Investigating Hazardous Environments: Robots have become increasingly important for investigating and researching hazardous and dangerous environments, such as volcanoes, rooms on fire, areas with explosives, earthquake ruins and caves.

• Robots used to assist people with special needs.