LESSON 8: ASTRONOMY AND THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD I- GRAVITY Creative Commons, Attribution + Noncommercial + ShareAlike (BY-NC-SA)
Authors: Research Paths
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Astronomy has contributed fundamentally to the comprehensibility of the Cosmos, to the progress of science and to the development of the scienti fic method. The students, through various presentations and examples from the history of astronomy, learn about the comprehensibility of Cosmos through scienti fic laws and scientific methodology. Particularly, the students learn the stages of scienti fic procedures in order to comprehend how generalizations and scienti fic laws are formulated.

Knowledge acquisition gain
  Knowledge: • The students report or recognize the different stages of scienti fic procedures. • The students report that one scienti fic discovery may not necessarily involve an experiment. Skills: The students are in position to: • Derive conclusions (generalizations, laws) from different types of data. • Apply the conclusions for developing scienti fic rationales, and explain or predict physical phenomena. • Use the simulation “Orbits and Gravity”. • Apply the method of inquiry-based learning. Attitudes: • The students are in a position to cooperate in groups • The students develop a positive attitude towards science

Workforce in Astronomy

Around 540,000 students study astronomy, physics, chemistry, and earth science in the EU. Besides astronomer or astrophysicist, there are many jobs available for which an astronomy degree is valuable. They include aerospace engineer, climatologist, computer systems analyst, data analyst, engineer, geophysicist, instrument designer, planetarium director, programmer, physicist, research scientist, science writer/journalist, software developer, statistician, teacher or professor, telescope operator. Jobs for scientists and engineers grew by 7% in the past five years. Jobs for technicians in the field grew by 2%. Overall, they account for 7% of all jobs in the EU. As of 2016, around 15 million European science and engineering workers are employed. They work in a variety of sectors, including professional services, utilities, manufacturing, and the public sector. In the next years, jobs for engineers and researchers will increase by 13%, and jobs for science and engineering technicians will increase by 2%.

  90 min
Number of staff
Education Level
12-15 years
15-18 years
Science Discipline
Classroom use
Supervision required
Teacher supervision required
Knowledge prerequisites
Operating system
Cross platform / browser based
Technical requirements
Internet connection during class required
Printed materials required
Projector or large screen required
Installation effort
No installation required on typical computer
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